Tag Archives: Geographic headings

Bombay (India) not valid for use as a subject

Bombay (India) is now Mumbai (India)

Mumbai mapMumbai

LC still authorizes use of Bombay (India) as a corporate name heading. However Bombay (India) IS NOT VALID FOR USE AS A SUBJECT! When cataloguing a work ‘about’ use Mumbai (India) The city’s name was officially changed in 1996.

Gee…. I sure miss those old Cataloging Service Bulletins!  I would have amended our database way before now…


Queens of England?

Always confusing is the England vs. Great Britain issue in subject cataloguing.    When cataloguing works of history you cannot use England–History, rather the rule is to use Great Britain–History.

However… What about Queens?  Former practice was to subdivide Queens by Great Britain.  Now it would appear that the Library of Congress have changed their minds.  I searched under Queens–England–Biography in the LC catalogue and found 22 records attached all with dates 2004 onwards.

I did not catch the LCRI update that mentions this change and would appreciate it if anyone can direct me to the correct document.

My library has made a local decision to use Queens–England  for works about queens BEFORE the year 1707  (the year Scotland was united with England and Wales to form Great Britain)   For queens after the year 1707 we will use the subdivision Great Britain.

Geographic subdivisions revisited

European map

Even seasoned catalogers sometimes need reminders.  This is especially true when the cataloging situation is seldom encountered.  Today I was cataloging a documentary film about a woman who harbored Jews during WWII.  She lived in a place called Sokal, Poland.  However, Sokal is now part of the Ukraine.   I questioned “Because my work is set in 1939 do I use the geographic qualifiers $zPoland $zSokal ?   or   $zUkraine $zSokal ?

The answer can be found in the Subject Cataloging Manual Volume 1, H810 section 1.b which states: “Use as a geographic qualifier, only the latest form of a name of a jurisdiction.  Hence my answer is:  $zUkraine $zSokal.

Use latest jurisdiction or form of jurisdiction’s name in qualifier and/or in indirect subdivision, no matter what time period is covered in the work.

However…. that being stated, there is ALWAYS AN EXCEPTION or two or in this case three.  H710 section 5 states: “Because there are a variety of ways in which jurisdictions may be merged, split, or otherwise reorganized, the instructions may not apply in every case. For instructions on Germany see H945, for instructions on Soviet Union see H1023, and for instructions on Yugoslavia, see H1055.

And… for the less seasoned cataloger I have another reminder…  When subdividing a city, the city must be placed in a separate $z

For example:  $aHistoric buildings $zFrance $zParis

NOT    $aHistoric buildings $zParis (France)

The general pattern is:

650  0   $a <Topical heading or subject heading string> $z <Larger jurisdiction> $z <Specific place>.